Abbreviation

Meaning

Abbreviation

Meaning

ADH

paper adhering to gum

opt(d)

overprint(ed)

Archive

specimen with punch hole

P

Perforated

as is

possible forgery

pmk('d)

postmark(ed)

BL

(in Michel)Block (=m/s)

pos(n).

position in sheet

Blk

black

p.u.

postally used

.

.

.

.

blk/4

block of 4 stamps

R(2,3)

Row(2, number 3)

cat

catalogue or cat.value

R to RRRRR (rarity)

e.g. R=scarce RRRR=a few copies known

cont(rol)

validating handstamp on stamp

Sct.

Scott catalogue (American)

cr(s)

crease(s)

se-ten

se-tenant(two or more attached stamps)

cto

cancelled to order (or by favour)

SG

Stanley Gibbons catalogue (British)

Abbreviation

Meaning

Abbreviation

Meaning

dble

double

sh.

short

de luxe

m/s with illustrated borders

sht / shtlt

sheet / sheetlet

epreuve (de luxe)

special sheet (plain borders)

sm.

small

fd(c)

first day (cover)

SPEC

Stamp overprinted SPECIMEN

flt(s)

fault(s)

surch.

surcharge(d)

fox or foxing

brown age-staining

surf.rub

surface rub (part of design lost)

.

.

.

.

hvy.

heavy or heavily

s/ways

sideways

IMP or Imp

Imperforate

Tele

Telegraph stamp

inv(td)

inverted

TinB

Theme in sheet border

M or margs

margins (on imperf. stamps)

thin

paper thinned(on the back)

Mi.

Michel catalogue (number) (German)

tone or toning

discoloration (less than foxing)

Mint

mint stamp(s) issued without gum

u/m

unmounted mint (=never hinged mint)

Abbreviation

Meaning

Abbreviation

Meaning

m/m

mounted mint (hinged)

used

postally used

m/s or MS

miniature sheet / souvenir sheet

v.

very

NG or no gum

mint stamp with gum missing

wmk(d)

watermark(ed)

o/c

off-centre (perf stamps only)

Yv.

Yvert et Tellier catalogue (French)

(3) or (3v)

three (or other number of) stamps

Zum.

Zumstein catalogue (Swiss)